The performance characteristics of a self-loading Carbine Simonov SKS
SKS stands for Simonov's self-loading Carbine. Carbine created under the intermediate cartridge 7. 62x39 mm. On the creation of the rifle was a Soviet armorer Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov.
The impetus for the creation of SKS was the successful use of self-loading carbines under the intermediate cartridge in foreign countries. For these purposes, in 1943, was adopted by the intermediate cartridge 7. 62x39 mm SKS was Finally adopted in 1949, as continued refinement of ammo for the SKS and the shotgun. Production of the carbine was established at the Tula Arms Factory, and in 1952 at the Izhevsk Mechanical Plant.
The carbine is widely used all over the world. Carbine continues to be produced to this day, which indicates its reliability and popularity. The popularity of the carbine is confirmed by the release of more than 15 million carbines worldwide. According to some reports, only in the hands of us citizens from 2.5 to 4 million carbines Simonov.
Automation and components
SKS has automation by removing part of the powder gases from the barrel in time shot. More precisely we can say that the SKS is a short stroke, that is, the carbine does not have the long vent tube. Reserved gases are in a gas chamber, which is United with the follower, the gases push the bolt, which leads to the wedging of the gate with its filing for the new cycle, the recoil spring is compressed. After that, the return spring pushes the shutter towards the chamber, snatching the cartridge out of the magazine, locking the cartridge occurs with the help of a skewed shutter. After the last shot, the shutter stops in the back position, which signals the fighter and the empty magazine, as well as accelerates reloading.
To speed up the recharge cartridges are loaded into special single-row clips, which is inserted into the special grooves of the carbine when the shutter is on the gate delay and the usual pressing on the cartridges they slip into the store. Recharge, it is also possible cartridges individually through the top. That would defuse the SKS need to open not removable magazine and the rounds just fall out.
The safety of the carbine is ensured by a safety check-box located on the right side of the safety bracket.
For firing from SKS it is possible to use cartridges of 7, 62x39 mm
It is safe to say that the SKS will be in the programs about hunters for a long time and after 70 years its history is not over yet.
From the SKS it is possible to conduct aimed fire at 1000 meters, in practice, sighting the practical firing range is 400-500 meters. The normal accuracy of the battle for SKS was considered to be shooting at 100 meters with a spread of 15 cm.
The performance characteristics of a self-loading Carbine Simonov SKS:
Number of shots - 10 rounds, non-removable magazine
Barrel caliber - 7, 62x39 mm
Combat rate of fire - 35-40 rounds per minute
Maximum rate of fire - no data available
Aiming range - of 1000 meters
The maximum range - of 3500 meters
Effective fire - is 400 m
The initial velocity of departure - of 735 m/s
Automatic - gas operated, short stroke piston
Fire mode - semi-automatic (single)
Weight - 3.75 kg-dry, 3.9 kg-charged
The bullet energy - was 2200 J.
The size - of 1020 mm
The civil version of SKS differs from the army is very low. The absence of a hinged bayonet mounting bracket, "pinned" for ballistic identification of the barrel and a shortened sighting bar, on which there are no divisions for shooting at a range of more than 300 meters. See this thread for details. Visually distinguish OP-SKS and SKS-45 more than difficult.
The use of SCS as a hunting carbine has both ardent adherents and opponents. A number of important points should be brought to the users ' understanding.
What is the benefit of this carbine on the hunt? First of all, the already mentioned unpretentiousness and reliability of mechanisms. Created for obviously extreme conditions, hunting carbine fully shows its reliability and even "excessive" reliability. The undoubted advantages can be attributed to high indicators of small, fairly light weight and compactness.
At the same time, the caliber of SKS ammunition imposes very strict requirements on the skills of the hunter.